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微笑 (18)
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全球PISA测试,上海居首获誉全球最聪明学生


上海居首获誉全球最聪明学生

明报    2010-12-07 15:25:11


测试全球65个地区逾40万名15岁学生水平的PISA昨公布成绩,代表中国首次参加评估的上海学生,在阅读、数学和科学项目都居首获誉全球最聪明学生。相比下,美德法英等西方强国的学生,仅得平均成绩。曾造访中国很多学校的前教育部官员芬恩坦言﹕「我见识过中国在追求目标上如何努力不懈。若上海能在 2009年(达此水平),2019年就会有10个城市(达到),到了2029年就会有50个城市。」经济合作及发展组织秘书长亦说﹕「更佳的教育成绩,是未来经济增长的有力预测指标。」

美国总统奥巴马周一在北卡罗来纳州发表演讲时,列举中国在科研教育等领域领先美国之处,并以1957年前苏联发射人类首枚人造卫星Sputnik作比,称美国人正迎来另一次「卫星时刻」,必须加强对科研创新和教育的投资。《纽约时报》昨亦不约而同地称,上海在学生能力国际评估计划(PISA)中名列前茅,亦令美国学者对中国教育水平惊叹,在列根政府出任教育部官员的芬恩(Chester E.Finn Jr.)亦说﹕「我很震惊,我想起Sputnik。」



閱讀科數能力 上海学生冠全球


【明報專訊】測試全球65個地區逾40萬名15歲學生水平的「學生能力國際評估計劃」(PISA)昨日公布成績,首次參加評估的上海學生,在閱讀、數學和科學三方能力上均勇奪世界首位,全面擊敗香港、台灣和韓國學生。香港學生的閱讀能力位列第四,數學和科學能力分別排第三。但研究學者表示,本港成績已見平穩上升,學校間差異明顯下降,基礎教育成功步向均等教育。

————————————————————————

一清早,孩子给我发来短消息,是这条新闻的链接。
纽约时报  12月7日报导

Top Test Scores From Shanghai Stun Educators 
(最高成绩出于上海震惊教育家们)

By SAM DILLON

With China’s debut in international standardized testing, students in Shanghai have surprised experts by outscoring their counterparts in dozens of other countries, in reading as well as in math and science, according to the results of a respected exam.

American officials and Europeans involved in administering the test in about 65 countries acknowledged that the scores from Shanghai — an industrial powerhouse with some 20 million residents and scores of modern universities that is a magnet for the best students in the country — are by no means representative of all of China. 


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About 5,100 15-year-olds in Shanghai were chosen as a representative cross-section of students in that city. In the United States, a similar number of students from across the country were selected as a representative sample for the test.

Experts noted the obvious difficulty of using a standardized test to compare countries and cities of vastly different sizes. Even so, they said the stellar academic performance of students in Shanghai was noteworthy, and another sign of China’s rapid modernization.

The results also appeared to reflect the culture of education there, including greater emphasis on teacher training and more time spent on studying rather than extracurricular activities like sports.

“Wow, I’m kind of stunned, I’m thinking Sputnik,” said Chester E. Finn Jr., who served in President Ronald Reagan’s Department of Education, referring to the groundbreaking Soviet satellite launching. Mr. Finn, who has visited schools all across China, said, “I’ve seen how relentless the Chinese are at accomplishing goals, and if they can do this in Shanghai in 2009, they can do it in 10 cities in 2019, and in 50 cities by 2029.”

The test, the Program for International Student Assessment, known as PISA, was given to 15-year-old students by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, a Paris-based group that includes the world’s major industrial powers.

The results are to be released officially on Tuesday, but advance copies were provided to the news media a day early.

“We have to see this as a wake-up call,” Secretary of Education Arne Duncan said in an interview on Monday.

“I know skeptics will want to argue with the results, but we consider them to be accurate and reliable, and we have to see them as a challenge to get better,” he added. “The United States came in 23rd or 24th in most subjects. We can quibble, or we can face the brutal truth that we’re being out-educated.”

In math, the Shanghai students performed in a class by themselves, outperforming second-place Singapore, which has been seen as an educational superstar in recent years. The average math scores of American students put them below 30 other countries.

PISA scores are on a scale, with 500 as the average. Two-thirds of students in participating countries score between 400 and 600. On the math test last year, students in Shanghai scored 600, in Singapore 562, in Germany 513, and in the United States 487.

In reading, Shanghai students scored 556, ahead of second-place Korea with 539. The United States scored 500 and came in 17th, putting it on par with students in the Netherlands, Belgium, Norway, Germany, France, the United Kingdom and several other countries.

In science, Shanghai students scored 575. In second place was Finland, where the average score was 554. The United States scored 502 — in 23rd place — with a performance indistinguishable from Poland, Ireland, Norway, France and several other countries.

The testing in Shanghai was carried out by an international contractor, working with Chinese authorities, and overseen by the Australian Council for Educational Research, a nonprofit testing group, said Andreas Schleicher, who directs the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development’s international educational testing program.

Mark Schneider, a commissioner of the Department of Education’s research arm in the George W. Bush administration, who returned from an educational research visit to China on Friday, said he had been skeptical about some PISA results in the past. But Mr. Schneider said he considered the accuracy of these results to be unassailable.

“The technical side of this was well regulated, the sampling was O.K., and there was no evidence of cheating,” he said.

Mr. Schneider, however, noted some factors that may have influenced the outcome.

For one thing, Shanghai is a huge migration hub within China. Students are supposed to return to their home provinces to attend high school, but the Shanghai authorities could increase scores by allowing stellar students to stay in the city, he said. And Shanghai students apparently were told the test was important for China’s image and thus were more motivated to do well, he said.













微笑 最后编辑于 2010-12-8 10:56:56





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基础教育中国比较扎实。创意教育欧美有一套。

所以,实验室里中国学生能做得不错,胡天乱想的不如长毛鬼子。

两者的结合,或者两者的分界点在孩子的哪个学习阶段?

我的概念里,老外的算术(不仅是数学)也很差,尤其是心算,我们一起出差,老外对我们的扑克21点玩法,简直就惊讶得合不拢嘴。

我经常开玩笑说,他们是不使用现金惹的祸。答曰:经常使用现金的毒贩子。呵呵,真能拽~

南人北相 最后编辑于 2010-12-8 11:16:36





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回复:全球PISA测试,上海居首获誉全球最聪明学生
在应试能力方面,因为有着一千多年的传统,和现代化的超级训练,中国学生确实在世界上无与伦比。



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回复:全球PISA测试,上海居首获誉全球最聪明学生
如果了解了上海家长现在为了孩子是如何付出的就不会奇怪了!




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回复:全球PISA测试,上海居首获誉全球最聪明学生
以下为引用内容:
以下是引用南人北相在2010-12-8 11:12:00的发言:

基础教育中国比较扎实。创意教育欧美有一套。

所以,实验室里中国学生能做得不错,胡天乱想的不如长毛鬼子。

两者的结合,或者两者的分界点在孩子的哪个学习阶段?

我的概念里,老外的算术(不仅是数学)也很差,尤其是心算,我们一起出差,老外对我们的扑克21点玩法,简直就惊讶得合不拢嘴。

我经常开玩笑说,他们是不使用现金惹的祸。答曰:经常使用现金的毒贩子。呵呵,真能拽~



21点?这是赌场里玩滴耶,你老兄也会?我们小时候拿扑克牌玩24点。




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以下为引用内容:
以下是引用树木在2010-12-8 12:46:00的发言:
[quote]以下是引用南人北相在2010-12-8 11:12:00的发言:

基础教育中国比较扎实。创意教育欧美有一套。

所以,实验室里中国学生能做得不错,胡天乱想的不如长毛鬼子。

两者的结合,或者两者的分界点在孩子的哪个学习阶段?

我的概念里,老外的算术(不仅是数学)也很差,尤其是心算,我们一起出差,老外对我们的扑克21点玩法,简直就惊讶得合不拢嘴。

我经常开玩笑说,他们是不使用现金惹的祸。答曰:经常使用现金的毒贩子。呵呵,真能拽~



21点?这是赌场里玩滴耶,你老兄也会?我们小时候拿扑克牌玩24点。


格记搬头把依抓牢~ 老老实实订正去。
[/quote]




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不要看得太重

这只是一个方面的评议,不必看得太重,钱伟长的忧虑倒是值得深思!




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